What is truck driver?
A truck driver is a term for a trucker or a driver in the countries like Australia, New Zealand, the United States and Canada. He is a person who earns his sustenance by driving a truck or a semi truck or a box or a dump truck.
The role of a truck driver
A truck driver’s role is to provide essential service to various industries and people by transporting goods or materials over land or surface. Typically they transport raw or finished materials for various distribution centers, manufacturing plants and retail stores.
Types of truck drivers
Categorically truck drivers may be divided into three distinct categories.
They are as follows:
Company drivers: This type of drivers work under company pay-role and more in number than other types. They may be employees of freight forwarding companies or any other companies.
Independent Owner: One driver oneself is the owner of the truck. He himself takes contacts to haul goods.
Owner-operators: Here individuals own trucks to drive them by contract with a trucking or a freight forwarding company.
Now company drivers who are working with trucking or freight forwarding companies get good salaries. Consequently an increasing trend to be a good driver in Australia is being found in Australia for last few years. If you are a resident of Australia or hold a permanent visa card under the Commonwealth Migration Act 1958 and like to stay in NSW, you can drive in NSW with current overseas licence. But for that you must stay there for more than three months.
As the precondition of driving truck in Australia at first what you must need is a truck driver licence. As licences issued by the states are divided into five distinct categories, you must decide your needs and liking area. Now take a look at the licences required for driving truck and heavy vehicles in Australia.
They are as follows:
A Light Rigid (LR class) licence: Require to drive a rigid vehicle with a gross vehicle mass (GVM) not more than 8 tonnes. If there is a towed trailer it should not cross 9 tonnes GTM (Gross Trailer Mass).
A Medium Rigid (MR class) licence: Require to drive a rigid vehicle with 2 axles and a GVM of more than 8 tonnes. With a towed trailer it should not cross 9 tonnes GTM (Gross Trailer Mass).
Heavy Rigid (HR class) licence: Require to drive a rigid vehicle with 3 or more axles with a towed trailer it should not be more than 9 tonnes
Heavy Combination (HC class) licence: It is required to drive semi-trailers, or rigid vehicles towing a trailer with a GTM of more than 9 tonnes.
Multi-Combination (MC class) licence: It covers various multi-combination vehicles like Road Trains and B-Double Vehicles.
But one thing that you must remember here is that to apply for LR or MR class, you must have C class (car) licence older than one year. For applying heavy vehicle licence, you must have a C class (car) licence older than 2 years. Another thing is that if you have to upgrade to an HC class licence a one must have an MR or HR class licence for 1 year. To update MC class licence one should have an HR or HC class licence for 1 year.
Rules and regulation of driving truck in Australia:
In Australia a truck driver or a driver of truck and trailer who drive vehicle with gross vehicle mass greater than 12 tonnes must take rest for 30 minutes after every 5 hours
He must undergo 10 hours after 14 hours of work
He should take rest for 24 hours after 72 working hours.
If you have an intention to be a truck driver in Australia and looking for a truck driver licence , learn this categories to meet your target easily.