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Important Functions of Milk Processing Plants

Press release   •   Mar 26, 2012 15:01 IST

Milk is one of the staple foods consumed by people all over the world. All dairy products are rich in calcium, vitamin D and nutrients. Dairy products are quite essential for a healthy balanced diet and it should be consumed by people of all age groups daily. Today there are a large number of milk processing plants all over the world. The entire process begins in a dairy farm. Dairy farm is a farm which is used to raise cattle such as cows, goats and buffaloes for milking purposes.

Functions of Processing Plants

As mentioned earlier, the entire process begins in the dairy where the cows are used to obtain milk. After it is collected from the cattle, it has to be clarified and separated. It is then fortified with the essential vitamins. To reduce the amount of fat and kill bacteria, it is then homogenized and pasteurized. Once these procedures are completed, the product is packaged and sold in packets or cartons.

Cows are milked two times in a day in every farm. In large farms the procedure is done using vacuum equipments. It is then transferred to large refrigerated tanks. These tanks are collected by large trucks which transport the product to processing plants. Before transporting the product to the processing plants, the flavor and the temperature of the product is tested to ensure that it is suitable for use.

The truck is then transported to the processing plants. At the milk processing plant, the product is pumped into special tanks. It is then taken for separation and clarification process.

In milk processing plants, the product is separated from bacteria and unwanted remains so that it is ideal for consumption. This process is known as clarification. It is spun in huge vats for some time. The initial spin separates all types of bacteria and debris from the product. It is then spun again to segregate heavy and light milk.

In the next step, the product is fortified with vitamins. Both vitamin D and Vitamin A are blended into the product in accurate amounts. With the process of fortifying the product with vitamins, it is then ready for pasteurization. The process involves heating the product to kill the remaining bacteria present in it. In the process of pasteurization, the product is heated and passed through steel pipes.

The next step involves homogenization which eliminates fat from the product. The product is heated to reduce the fat particles present in it. Without the process of homogenization, fat particles would float on top of the milk.

The final process involves packaging the product in cartons or plastic bags. These cartons are often stamped with the dates and shelf life of the products. It is then transported from the processing plants to different parts of the country. The products are also transported to different parts of the world. Today a variety of dairy products such as butter, cheese, ice cream and so forth are transported to different parts of the country quite easily. Various dairy products can be bought from online stores too.

Author has wide knowledge of B2B Marketplace and Business industries. For latest business updates for food and milk processing plant, ready milk products like skimmed milk powder, visit online business directory Dir.IndiaMART.com