Materials and products which are used for construction purposes are known as building materials. It is available in different forms and varieties. In the earlier days, houses were made of clay and dirt. As time evolved, rocks were used to build homes. Granite stones were widely used to build homes as it was strong and durable.
Construction materials varied according to the places and climatic conditions. In countries like Japan, which is prone to natural calamities, people opted for bamboo structures as it was light in weight. Bamboo structures caused little damages during earthquakes.
Most of the new building materials pose serious health hazards to people and the environment. Most people prefer to use eco-friendly products for constructing homes and office spaces. Bricks, tiles and cement are some of the most popularly used constructing materials.
Bricks: Construction materials include different types of bricks. Bricks are available in different sizes to suit different construction requirements. There are mud bricks, clay bricks and concrete bricks used for constructing homes and offices. Rubberized and glazed bricks are used for decorative purposes.
Wood: One of the most widely used building materials includes wood. Different types of wood are used to build homes. Wood is used for interior decoration as it exudes infinite charm and elegance. Mahogany, oak, pine wood, teak wood are some of the most expensive and exclusive varieties of wood used for construction purposes.
Concrete: As time passed, wood was replaced with the use of concrete. Concrete is a mixture made of cement and fly ash. It is widely used to build strong structures even today.
Metals: Metal structures are strong and durable. It is commonly used to ensure extra strength and versatility. Aluminum, steel and iron are some of the most widely used building materials.
Glass: Another significant construction material includes glass. Glass materials include frosted glass, colored glass and etched glass. It is used to build windows and doors. Glass houses exude a unique charm and elegance. Huge glass mansions are quite popular nowadays.
Granite, marble and ceramic tiles: In addition to the above mentioned building materials, there are many other types of materials used in construction purposes. Granite is known to be the strongest natural stone next to diamonds. It is used for constructing countertops, floors and walls. Granite countertops are preferred due to its immense strength and versatility.
Marble is another popular choice among most of the home owners. This elegant natural stone is available in a huge array of colors and designs. It can enhance the interior decor of any home or office space.
Plastic: The list of building materials is incomplete without the mention of plastic. It is one of the most versatile materials available on earth. Plastic pipes, tubes and sheets are widely used to build homes and apartments.