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Routine Treatment - Dentistry For Children (PEDODONTICS)

Press Release   •   Oct 20, 2010 11:48 IST

The American Dental Association recommends a dental check up by the child's first birthday. In addition to checking for decay and other possible problems, the dental surgeon will teach you how to properly clean your Child's teeth daily, evaluate any adverse habits such as thumb sucking and identify your Child's fluoride needs.


Starts as soon as the child is born. After feeding, the baby's gums should be wiped with a clean cloth or sterile gauze. Begin brushing your Child's teeth with little boiled water as soon as the first tooth appears. Once the child learns how to rinse out, a pea-size amount of toothpaste is used. Fluoridated toothpaste is recommended as it helps to protects against cavity (decay) formation.


Food residue which gets stuck on the teeth forms a soft layer called 'Plaque'. This plaque has injurious bacteria which form acids that dissolve the tooth structure. This is called decay/caries that leads to teeth breaking & formation of cavities. One serious form of tooth decay among young children is ‘baby bottle tooth decay'. This is caused by frequent and long exposures of infants teeth to liquids which contain sugar such as milk (including breast milk), fruit juices and other sweetened drinks. This is generally observed in children who are given bottle while they are sleeping. The milk forms a rich sugary layer on teeth. Bacteria consume this & start forming acids which dissolves the tooth structure to form cavities. This is generally seen in upper front teeth.


Early loss, decayed, over retained milk teeth can directly affect the development and position of the permanent teeth erupting beneath and cause irregularities in them. Hence, the child unknowingly becomes a candidate for future dental treatment. Thus milk teeth are very important for healthy eruption of permanent teeth.


1) Fluoride Treatment: a specialized treatment in which a concentrated fluoride Gel is applied to the teeth to reduce the chances of decay. The fluoride reacts with the enamel and makes it more resistant to attack by decay producing bacteria. It is done at regular intervals of 6 months.

2) Pit and fissure sealants: Sealants are special free flowing materials which seal (fill) the pits and fissures (grooves) on the chewing surfaces of teeth. This prevents the food from getting stuck in these areas and hence reduces cavity formation.

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