The growing scarcity of water and the depleting groundwater levels have forced several urban planners, governments, and water conservationists to devise a planned system that enables water recycling and its reuse in the simplest way possible. These efforts have given the global water recycle and reuse market a whole new avenue for growth. Recycling water and reusing it for purposes such as industrial processes, toilet flushing, and agricultural and landscape irrigation has become the need of the day.
Population Explosion Complicates Water Problems
Over the years, as the population has grown beyond urban capacities, water scarcity has only worsened. Draught and war conditions in several developing nations are also causing a strain on water resources and their management. All these factors put together are propelling the global water recycle and reuse market. This market also finds encouragement in growing environmental and socioeconomic concerns across the world.
Water Recycle and Reuse Can Meet Several Non-potable Water Demands
The global water recycle and reuse market has gained a good pace as consumers are realizing that recycled water can be used for several purposes if it is treated correctly. However, recycled water can seldom be used for human consumption or other potable uses as it brings in a huge risk of health problems. As the exposure to this water cannot be averted, it needs to be treated adequately for non-potable use as well.
Water Recycling and Reusing Comes with Several Environmental Benefits
Besides solving the issue of water scarcity, water recycling and reuse also nurtures the environment in several ways. To begin with, it not only saves fresh water reserves, but also prevents water pollution by reducing wastewater discharges. Furthermore, wetlands and riparian ecosystems can also be fostered by recycling and reusing wastewater. As the recycled water becomes an additional source of water, it automatically decreases the pressure on natural water bodies and their surrounding ecosystems. Keeping these ecosystems safe and intact is of utmost importance as any disturbance to them means creating a colossal chaos in the aquatic life and wildlife that depends on these water resources. A disturbance of this sort would eventually lead to a crack in the entire ecosystem. All of these factors are encouraging the growth of the global water recycle and reuse market.
Several water recycling projects are designed to meet the need for non-potable water. However, several projects are using recycled water for potable purposes such as boosting surface water reservoirs and recharging of ground water aquifers. Recycled water is injected into ground water aquifers for recharging ground water reserves. This prevents salt water intrusion into fresh water reserves underground, thereby increasing the potential supply of potable water. On the other hand, industrial process water is used for controlling dust, concrete mixing, creating artificial lakes, construction activities, and in paper mills.
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