Ledarskapscentrum

Hur påverkas prestationer av tävling: Ny meta-analys

Nyhet   •   Okt 23, 2012 16:48 CEST

Database: PsycARTICLES [ Journal Article ] The competition–performance relation: A meta-analytic review and test of the opposing processes model of competition and performance. Murayama, Kou; Elliot, Andrew J. Psychological Bulletin, Vol 138(6), Nov 2012, 1035-1070. doi: 10.1037/a0028324

Abstract

  1. What is the relation between competition and performance? The present research addresses this important multidisciplinary question by conducting a meta-analysis of existing empirical work and by proposing a new conceptual model—the opposing processes model of competition and performance. This model was tested by conducting an additional meta-analysis and 3 new empirical studies. The first meta-analysis revealed that there is no noteworthy relation between competition and performance. The second meta-analysis showed, in accord with the opposing processes model, that the absence of a direct effect is the result of inconsistent mediation via achievement goals: Competition prompts performance-approach goals which, in turn, facilitate performance; and competition also prompts performance-avoidance goals which, in turn, undermine performance. These same direct and mediational findings were also observed in the 3 new empirical studies (using 3 different conceptualizations of competition and attending to numerous control variables). Our findings provide both interpretational clarity regarding past research and conceptual guidance regarding future research on the competition–performance relation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)