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The Proliferation and Threats of Cyber Hacking and Spyware: Implications for Freedoms and Human Rights


Parliament, 1 Parliament Street, Conference Room C

Hosted by Alistair Carmichael MP

It has been widely reported that foreign governments and companies have been involved in developing harmful cyber technologies, spyware and intelligence gathering programs which have been used to target opponents, dissidents and human rights defenders. A Reuters investigation recently revealed that the UAE intelligence services had gone so far as to recruit a group of US expert hackers who had previously worked for US intelligence to spy on other governments, human rights activists and journalists, including from the BBC. There have been several similar revelations that have left many questioning why these intrusions have been allowed to happen, and what can be done to protect the privacy and freedoms of all citizens, particularly those who are critical of human rights’ abusers. An expert panel, hosted by Alistair Carmichael MP, will debate these fundamental questions that are so prevalent in an age of both increased social media and cyber crime.


Carly Nyst

Independent Consultant on Technology Policy and Human Rights, and former Legal Director of Privacy International. An expert and consultant on technology policy and human rights, who has published widely in the field and addressed national and international bodies including the UN Human Rights Council on the right to privacy in the digital age.

Joyce Hakmeh

Chatham House, Cyber Research Fellow, and Co-Editor of the Journal of Cyber Policy. A specialist in cybercrime, cyber security, rule of law and good governance, international criminal justice and human rights, who has previously worked for the UN and the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

Roger Sahota

Partner, Berkeley Square Solicitors. Specialises in serious crime, in particular fraud, business crime, corruption and confiscation proceedings, as well as international crime, including having defended before the ICTY and the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL).

Dr Rudina Jasini

University of Oxford, Faculty of Law, ESRC Fellow.An attorney and researcher specialising in international criminal law and human rights law, who has previously been a Fellow at New York University Center of Human Rights and Global Justice, and the Max Planck Institute.

Murdo Macleod QC

Barrister, Specialises in criminal law and regulatory practice, inquiries, and human rights. He has defended in high profile terrorism, corporate finance, war crimes, and environmental cases; and acted as counsel in several inquiries.

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About the author:

Arab Organisation for Human Rights in the UK is a non-governmental organisation established to promote human rights culture in the world and to advocate human rights in general and the rights of the Arab citizens in particular .

Arab Organisation for Human Rights in the UK believes that transparency and plainness in work are among the most important pillars of humanitarian work. It permanently strives to publish facts in full however painful they are in an independent and impartial manner . It also works to extend bridges of trust with the victims regardless of their beliefs,religion or race to help build a strong human and legal platform advocating those whose rights have been violated and were cut off as a result of the behaviour of the executive organs in the countries where the practice of repression and tyranny prevails. The Organisation whilst it endeavors to achieve its goals confirms that it is an integral part of the Human Rights Organisations Network in the world and it completes its activities and role in working to advocate human rights to achieve dignified life away from killing, coercion and persecution .