Planning of the new terminal for liquefied natural gas (LNG) at the Port of Gothenburg is in full flow. During the summer, Vopak and Swedegas signed an agreement, which now also has been signed by the Port of Gothenburg. The three parties are now turning their attention to the market to investigate the level of interest in liquefied natural gas.
Stricter sulphur emission stipulations mean that ships operating in Swedish waters must switch to a more eco-friendly fuel by 2015 at the latest. Likewise, an increasing number of Swedish companies are looking to switch from oil and coal to cleaner alternatives. In both cases, LNG is the form of energy that is in greatest demand.
At present, it is difficult for shipping and industry to source LNG in sufficient quantities. A new investment in an LNG terminal at the Port of Gothenburg could be the solution. A survey is currently being conducted to determine market wishes and requirements.
Behind the initiative are the infrastructure company Swedegas, which owns the Swedish gas grid, Vopak LNG, a specialist in the storage of liquefied natural gas and subsidiary of the world’s leading independent provider of conditioned storage facilities for bulk liquids Royal Vopak, and the Port of Gothenburg, the largest port in the Nordic region.
Environmental benefits appeal to the market
“The environmental benefits of LNG have generated demand not only in shipping but also in industry. At present, we are scanning the market to ensure we dimension the terminal properly and offer the right services,” explains Lars Gustafsson, President of Swedegas.
The terminal is planned to be completed in 2015 to satisfy the need in the shipping sector for a fuel with no sulphur or particle emissions. In industry, there is growing realisation of the potential to achieve environmental objectives more rapidly by replacing oil and coal with natural gas. Carbon dioxide emissions would be reduced by 25-40 per cent and emissions of sulphur and particles would be reduced to zero.
First terminal with unrestricted competition
The LNG Terminal in Gothenburg will be the first in the country to be built according to the ‘open access’ principle. Any company interested in importing gas to the Swedish market will now have the opportunity to reserve capacity.
“Unrestricted competition is crucial if the end-customer is to be able purchase gas at the best price on the world market,” states Lars Gustafsson.
Locating the terminal in Gothenburg is a strategic decision:
“The port of Gothenburg is not only the largest port in the Nordic region but also the foremost energy port. We want to put across a clear message to the shipping industry that LNG will be available when stricter environmental stipulations come into force," says Magnus Kårestedt, Port of Gothenburg Chief Executive.
The Port of Gothenburg will be among the first of the major ports in the world where vessels that need to bunker will not need to enter a special terminal. Bunkering can take place exactly as it does at present – directly from a bunker tanker while the vessel is being loaded and unloaded. This will open up the potential for large-scale LNG bunkering.
Gothenburg is a hub for onward transport of LNG by rail or road to various parts of the country. The terminal will also be connected to the gas grid.
For further information, please contact
Saila Horttanainen, Vice President Communications , Swedegas AB, +46 (0)70-622 76 06
Cecilia Carlsson, Media Relations Officer, Port of Gothenburg, +46 (0)31-731 22 45
Swedegas is an infrastructure company that invests in smart energy systems. The company owns the gas grid, which extends from Dragör in Denmark to Stenungsund in Sweden. Each year, Swedegas transmits energy equivalent to 15 TWh to distributors and directly connected customers. The gas grid supplies natural gas to 33 municipal areas and several combined heat and power plants and companies. Swedegas is currently investing in the development of an infrastructure for biogas and liquefied natural gas (LNG).
Royal Vopak is the world's largest independent tank storage service provider, specialised in the storage and handling of liquid chemicals, gases and oil products. The Dutch company operates 83 terminals with combined storage capacity of more than 29 million cubic metres in 31 countries. The terminals are strategically located for users along the major shipping routes. The majority of its customers are companies operating in the chemical and oil industries, for which Vopak stores a large variety of products destined for a wide range of industries.
Port of Gothenburg
The Port of Gothenburg is the largest port in the Nordic region with 11,000 calls by vessels each year. One-third of Swedish international trade passes through the Port of Gothenburg and 60 per cent of all container traffic. Gothenburg has the widest range of shipping services within and outside Europe. It is also the location of the largest energy port in the Nordic region.
LNG is a gas that has been cooled down to liquid form, taking up just 1/600th of the volume in its gaseous state. It can be transported by sea, rail and road, thus reaching parts of the country that lack a gas grid. An LNG terminal in Gothenburg will be of importance not only for the West Coast but also for industry in other parts of the country where Swedish basic industry is in the process of replacing oil and coal.