A pilot scheme launched today in Burnley and Aberdeen will help those who have previously been written off as unfit to work to get back into employment and regain their independence.
Under Labour, the amount of money spent on welfare for people of working age soared, rising by 40% in real terms from 1997 to 2010. Benefit spending in 2010/11 is forecast to be £152bn. The UK budget deficit is forecast to be £155bn.
Launching the trials, Iain Duncan Smith said:
"This is about giving many thousands of people the opportunity to move from the margins of society into mainstream employment.
"This new assessment will put an end to a system which has simply abandoned people to a life of dependency and exclusion.
"Under this system, we will assess people on the basis of what they can do - not what they can't - and thereby support people to meet their aspirations for work.
"We are determined to get this right, and that is why we will not only learn from these trials, but we have also set up an independent experts group to scrutinise the assessment".