Debt consolidation means to take one loan to pay off another. This is often done to secure a lower interest rate, secure a fixed interest rate or for the convenience of servicing only one loan. It could be of further types i.e. one unsecured loan taken to pay off another many unsecured loans and second type is taking a secured loan to pay off your credit card bills or any other unsecured loans. Most of the time consumer goes for the second type of consolidation to save the lesser amount of interest. Credit cards may carry a much larger interest rate than even an unsecured loan from a bank or any lending institution. Consumers with property such as a home or car may get a lower rate through a secured loan by pledging their property as collateral. So the total interest and the total cash flow paid towards the debt is lowered allowing the debt to be paid off sooner, incurring less interest, and voila money saved is money earned.
What exactly happens in consolidation of loans is that it takes responsibility of all your bills, such as those from credit card companies, household bills etc. Then, they are all consolidated into one monthly payment which is lower than the sum of payments on individual debts. Then, as long as you are able to make this one monthly payment, your credit will remain in good standing and you will be working toward the goal to get your bills paid off. Debt consolidation acts as a boon to many as you do not have to remember all the time about what loans to pay. It will be deducted as a monthly installment automatically. To make sure that you do not suffer a fraud, you may always consider hiring an experienced advisor or you could also check it through online calculators.
Overburdened debtors/ consumers may go for a credit counseling, debt settlement and personal bankruptcy. To save the interest amount and lending amount lending institutions or financers will renegotiate with the creditors on the debtor's behalf, as a credit counselor does, even in this case Rate of interest is reduced or sometimes escaped totally only if rest of the installment were timely paid and only 2-3 installments are left.