- This notice presents data on all breaches (i.e. occurrences of unjustified mixing) of the Mixed-Sex Accommodation (MSA) guidance relating to English NHS-funded patients in hospital sleeping accommodation during January 2011. This is the second month for which data on MSA breaches have been collected and published on a standardised basis; during the early months of this collection, published figures should be treated with caution. With time, data quality is expected to improve as healthcare providers implement and embed data collection procedures.
- Providers of NHS funded healthcare reported 8,160 breaches of the MSA guidance in relation to NHS patients in sleeping accommodation in England during January 2011. This figure is not directly comparable with the total number of breaches published for December, as the total for each month is based on different populations of responding organisations.
- MSA data were submitted by a total of 274 provider organisations for January 2011, made up of 75 (out of 75) Acute Non-Foundation Trusts, 69 (out of 92) Acute Foundation Trusts, 76 Community, PCT and Care Trust providers, 43 Mental Health providers and11 Independent Sector providers.
- Of the 144 Acute Trusts that submitted data for January 2011, 72 (50%) reported zero sleeping breaches. Acute Trusts accounted for 7,811 (96%) of all reported sleeping breaches.
- An MSA breach rate is published alongside counts of breaches to enable comparison between provider organisations. This is the number of MSA breaches of sleeping accommodation per 1,000 finished consultant episodes (FCEs). The MSA breach rate for England in January 2011 is 6.0 per 1,000 FCEs and for Acute Trusts is also 6.0. (See Statistical Note number 4)
- Detailed tables by provider and commissioner can be found via the following link:
Hospital site-level data is also available on the NHS Choices website (www.nhs.uk).
1. Eliminating Mixed-Sex Accommodation
The commitment to eliminate mixed-sex accommodation can be found in the 2011-12 NHS Operating Framework, which states “All providers of NHS funded care are expected to eliminate mixed-sex accommodation except where it is in the overall best interest of the patient”.
A professional letter (Ref: PL/CNO/2010/3) was sent by the Department of Health in November 2010 to update NHS trusts on requirements with regard to recognising, reporting and eliminating breaches of this policy.
2. MSA Data Collection
National reporting of unjustified mixing (i.e. breaches) in relation to sleeping accommodation commenced on 1 December 2010. MSA breach data is collected monthly from all NHS providers and other organisations that provide NHS-funded care (including Independent and Voluntary Sector organisations). Data are collected, validated and published in accordance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics. The MSA data return is mandatory for NHS Trusts but voluntary for Foundation Trusts.
As well as monitoring and reporting all unjustified mixing of sleeping accommodation, the NHS is also required to monitor all justified mixing in sleeping accommodation, all mixed-sex sharing of bathroom / toilet facilities (including passing through accommodation or toilet/bathroom facilities used by the opposite gender), and all mixed provision of day space in mental health units at a local level. For practical reasons, central reporting has been mandated for MSA breaches in respect of sleeping accommodation only.
“Sleeping accommodation” includes areas where patients are admitted and cared for on beds or trolleys, even where they do not stay overnight. It therefore includes all admissions and assessment units (including clinical decision units), plus day surgery and endoscopy units. It does not include areas where patients have not been admitted, such as accident and emergency cubicles.
3. Provider and Commissioner based data
MSA data covers English NHS patients only and is published both on a provider and commissioner basis.
Provider-based reflects data at organisation level for those organisations that provide NHS funded treatment or care, for example NHS Acute Trusts, NHS Community (PCT) providers, NHS Mental Health Trusts, Independent Sector and Voluntary Sector organisations.
Commissioner-based reflects data on a responsible population basis, i.e. Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) that are responsible for commissioning a patient’s treatment. This is defined as:
- all patients resident within the commissioning PCT boundary; plus
- all patients registered with GPs who are members of the commissioning PCT, but are resident in another PCT; minus
- all patients resident in the PCT, but are registered with a GP who is a member of another PCT.
4. MSA breach rate indicator
The MSA breach rate is the number of breaches of mixed-sex accommodation sleeping accommodation per 1,000 Finished Consultant Episodes.
An MSA breach rate indicator was developed because a simple count of the number of MSA breaches does not provide a fair comparison across healthcare providers. Raw numbers alone do not take into account the size of an organisation and it would be unfair to classify large acute providers as “worst performing” compared to other, smaller providers, as they handle larger volumes of admitted patients and therefore the possibility of mixing patients is greater. The MSA breach rate indicator gives us the ability to compare healthcare providers with others, or to compare change over time. It can tell us how a provider is “performing” in relation to other similar organisations, or the national average, and whether they are improving or getting worse.
For more information, see the MSA Breach Rate methodology paper at:
5. Data Quality
MSA breach data was collected by provider organisations for the first time in December 2010 and, whilst collected on the basis of a standard definition, it may take time for the quality of the data to improve as providers implement and embed local data collection processes. Therefore, figures published during the early months of the collection should be treated with a degree of caution, are subject to change and are not directly comparable with previously released figures.
6. Revisions to published figures
During the initial months of the collection, revisions to published figures will be allowed on a monthly basis. For monthly revisions, there will be a two-month ‘lag’, with revisions to a previous month’s data published at the same time as the next month’s data. For example, revisions to January 2011 data will be published alongside the initial release of data for March 2011 in April 2011.
Department of Health (DH) statisticians will review the need for a monthly revisions process as the data quality for initial submissions improves during the early months of the collection.
7. Feedback welcomed
We welcome feedback on the content and presentation of MSA statistics within this Statistical Press Notice and those published on the DH website. Please email any comments on this, or any other issues regarding the MSA data and statistics, to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Notes to editors
1. The 2011-12 NHS Operating Framework can be found at: http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatistics/Publications/PublicationsPolicyAndGuidance/DH_122738
2. The MSA professional letter (Ref: PL/CNO/2010/2) can be found at:
3. Details of MSA data for individual organisations are available at:
4. For press enquiries, please contact the DH press office on 020 7210 5221.
5. The Government Statistical Service (GSS) statistician responsible for producing these data is:
Knowledge and Intelligence
Department of Health
Room 4E63, Quarry House, Quarry Hill, Leeds LS2 7UE
For data queries, email: email@example.com
Phone: For enquiries please contact the issuing dept