The Ultimate Guide to TMJ Pain Relief Medication and Surgery from Experts in Austin
Bad bite in technical terms is called malocclusion. In such cases, the teeth of the maxilla (upper jaw) do not align properly with the teeth of the mandible (lower jaw). In many cases, malocclusion can be limited to teeth only and can be fixed with the help of orthodontic treatment or braces. However, in severe cases, TMJ pain relief medication and surgery are suggested for the misalignment of the jaws. Malocclusion can either be congenital (right from birth), developmental in nature or may be due to an accident or injury.
Malocclusion or a Misaligned Jaw can Lead to what kind of Problems?
There are several issues that can occur in case of a misaligned jaw, which includes:
- Difficulty in speech
- Problems while chewing or incising food
- Temporomandibular joint problems (TMJ)
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Misaligned smile
- Changes is facial profile
TMJ pain relief medication and surgery is suggested in extreme cases to correct the alignment of jaws.
TMJ Treatment in Austin
There are several types of TMJ treatment surgeries available, which include:
One of the lease least invasive TMJ surgery, Arthrocentesis is an outpatient procedure and patients can be relieved to go home on the same day. In this treatment, a small needle is inserted into the joint to add fluid that lubricates the joint and reduces friction.
2. Modified Condylotomy
This type of surgery is performed on the lower jaw bone (mandible). It can help in stopping the jaw from locking up.
3. Disc Repositioning
It is a complex TMJ surgery procedure. In cases when the Temporomandibular joint disorder’s (TMJ) cushioning disc is shifted from its normal position. During the treatment, the doctor repositions the disc back to its original place and the procedure involves few stitches. The patients need to stay in hospital for few days for this procedure.
In this type of TMJ surgery, the doctor removes the cushioning disc from the joint. The jaw may need to be wired shut. This surgical procedure is complex and demands that the patient stays at hospital and the recovery time is long as the body needs to naturally replace the cushioning.
5. Joint Replacement
In this type of TMJ surgery, the procedure is extensive and invasive as it involves reshaping the ball inside the joint, taking out the diseased bone, or using prosthetics to replace specific jaw portions. The jaw has to be wired shut to allow for healing. Doctors suggest that in such surgeries, the recovery time can be 30 days or longer. It is likely that the patient will have restrictions on what to eat for the rest of their life.
It is always recommended to discuss the pros and cons of any TMJ pain relief medication or surgery with your doctor before undergoing any treatment.