Fuel oil is a distillate or residue obtained from petroleum refining or distillation. Fuel oil is also known as heavy oil, furnace oil, or marine oil. Primarily, it is any liquid fuel that is combusted or burned in a furnace or boiler for heat generation, or used in an engine for power generation. It is of prime importance that these fuel oils must have a definite viscosity, specific gravity, calorific value, and flash point to obtain better operational efficiency.
The fuel oils, whether light, medium, heavy or mixed, are leftover from the refining process. Thus, fuel oils generally contain high proportion of the components know as cat fines. These cat fines can increase the wear and tear of an engine. The cat fines further can also absorb contaminants from the transport and storage chain. Such fuel oils when combusted in a diesel engine without any prior treatment can result in severe wear on injection nozzles, fuel pumps, cylinder liners, and pistons. Untreated fuel oil in power generation plants can cause substantial damage to the turbines.
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The solid contaminants or impurities in the fuel are refinery catalysts, rust, sand, and dust, while the liquid impurity is mainly water. It is necessary to remove these impurities to obtain high efficiency and maintain the integrity of the operation. Fuel oil is treated and conditioned by the usage of a system of filters and separators to meet cleanliness, pressure, temperature, viscosity, and flow rate specified by engine manufacturers. Key applications for the market are in the power generation industry, marine transportation industry, and industrial processes where heating process is required.
A major driver for the market is the emissions legislation or emission standards setup by most counties around the world. The concerns for carbon emission have significantly increased recently. The fuel oil, employed primarily for power generation in power plants and in ships for marine transportation, if not treated and conditioned beforehand not only reduces the efficiency, but also emits more carbon due to incomplete combustion, causing harm to the environment. Increased demand for energy has led to the rise in usage of fuel oil in power plants across the world. Furthermore, the industrial heating applications consume significant amount of fuel oils. These factors are likely to drive the market in the near future. However, a major restraint for the market is the usage of synthetic oils and their cost-effectiveness for fuel treatment & conditioning.
Demand for fuel oil treatment & conditioning market would be high in the North America, Asia Pacific and Middle East & Africa, since shipping trades are highly significant in this region of the world. In Asia Pacific region countries like India, China are witnessing growth of chemical, mechanical & power industry. These industries will require fuel oil for different purposes thus it imposes opportunity for fuel oil treatment and conditioning market. Countries in Europe, such as the U.K., Germany, and France are known for their stringent emission standards, which in turn is likely to present opportunities for the fuel treatment & conditioning market.
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Key players operating in the fuel oil treatment & conditioning market include GEA Group, ALFA LAVAL, IPU Group, WILHELMSENGROUP, High Purity Northwest, Inc., Bell Performance, Inc., Accepta, RJH Consultancy Inc., Hydro-Carbon Filtration & Separation, and Wärtsilä.
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