Silage, also known as ensilage forage, indicates grass or other green fodder stored and compacted in airtight conditions in the silos, a cylindrical container. Forage can be conserved through a natural pickling process where lactic acid is produced with the help of fermentation of sugars by lactic acid bacteria in a silo without air. It is palatable for livestock and can be fed at any time.
Silage additives are the materials used to preserve the silage. This is carried out by reducing oxygen and increasing acidity for the growth of lactic acid bacteria that preserve the forage. Silage additives include stimulants and inhibitors. Stimulants promote the growth of lactic acid bacteria by acid production and inhibitors slow down unwanted silage degradation.
For example, stimulants such as bacterial inoculants are frequently used silage additive in the U.S. (approximately over 50% of all additives). It contains inactive bacteria that become active when put on the wet forage. It enhances the growth of lactic acid bacteria in the silage. It also promotes the growth of homo-fermentative bacteria present in the additives that produce lactic acid in large amount and the weaker acids such as acetic and butyric in small amount. Inhibitors such as propionates, non-protein nitrogen and acids, slows down unwanted silage degradation.
Silage additives plays a very important role in longer and improved preservation and stabilization of silage. As compared to conventional hay production and preservation, silage additive enables stability of silage for longer period (up to 5 yrs.), reduce nutrient loss (up to 10% from 30%), economical use of plants, and effective use of land (2-3 crops annually). It can be cultivated both in cold and cloudy weather.
Upsurge in demand for improved animal feed in livestock industry and effective use of land, cereal plants in agriculture are the crucial factors boosting the demand for global silage additives market. Also the high demand for meat promotes livestock industry, which in turn, propels the global silage additives market.
The two major issues while making silage is shrinkage (i.e. dry matter losses) and aerobic spoilage while heating. Dry matter losses take place during the three main stages of silage preservation, aerobic respiration stage after cutting, anaerobic fermentation stage after sealing, and the aerobic feed-out stage after the silo is opened. This is the major problem in the silage preservation process that affects the demand of silage additives. Currently, the consumers are more focused on final quality of silage where silage additive plays important role.
The global silage additives market can be segmented on the basis of origin, type, and raw material to be used. On the basis of type, global silage additives can be segmented into chemical or synthetic and biological. On the basis of type, global silage additives market can be segmented into stimulants and inhibitors. Stimulants segment is further divided into bacterial inoculants, sugars, enzymes, and others. Inhibitors segment is further divided into propionates, non-protein nitrogen, acids, and others. On the basis of raw materials used, global silage additives market can be segmented into grass bales, whole cereal plants, leguminous plants, and other easy to ferment types feed. The whole cereal plants segment is further divided into corn, oats, wheat, barley, sorghum, etc. and leguminous plants segment is further divided into peas, faba beans, alfalfa, clover, etc.
North America and Europe are expected to remain key regions in the global silage additives market throughout the forecast period and the U.S. silage additives market is expected to grow relatively fast over the forecast period. In the U.S., bacterial inoculants account for a significant share in overall silage additives market. Silage additives market in Asia-Pacific is also expected to grow relatively fast over the forecast period.
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Latin America and Middle East and Africa are expected to show relatively low growth for silage additives market.
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