Cellulosic Ethanol Market deals with developing and manufacture of biofuel using parts of plants, grasses and wood. Hemicelluloses and lignin are extracted from lignocellulose. Panicum virgatum, wood chips and other materials from plants are used to produce ethanol. Cellulosic ethanol is also produced from corn and sugar cane.
Cellulosic Gasification and fermentation are two processes to produce ethanol. While gasification transforms the lignocellulose raw material into gaseous carbon monoxide and hydrogen, cellulolysis process involves hydrolysis on pretreated lignocellulosic raw materials with the help of enzymes, which break the complex cellulose into sugars such as glucose, followed by distillation and fermentation. Switchgrass and miscanthus are studied as prospect raw materials for the production of ethanol as they have high productivity and helps in growth of Cellulosic Ethanol Market.
Scope & Regional Forecast of the Cellulosic Ethanol Market
Cellulosic ethanol reduces greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by 85% over reformulated gasoline. It also reduces the co2 emission. Increasing environmental awareness makes consumers choose the alternative fuels. This makes Cellulosic biofuels commercialized, driving to growth of Cellulosic Ethanol Market in the near future. To meet the ethanol demand, many feedstocks such as corn cobs and woody biomass are now readily available and actively adopted.
North America serves the maximum demand for cellulosic ethanol, primarily dominated by the U.S. The Federal Government is a keen promoter of cellulosic ethanol as an alternative fuels to petroleum. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funds research and develop ethanol fermenting organisms and cellulose hydrolysis enzymes. It also co-funds the ethanol from biomass production facilities which encourages the growth of Cellulosic Ethanol Market.
Lack of awareness among people and proper infrastructure for biofuel production restrain the Cellulosic Ethanol Market growth. However, special programs by governments and environmental activists are creating awareness and encourages considerable investments in the biofuel market.
Segmentations & Key Players Involved in the Cellulosic Ethanol Market
The Cellulosic Ethanol Market can be broken down into various segmentations on the basis of –
- Geographical Location: North America, Europe and Asia
Some of the key players involved in the Cellulosic Ethanol Market are as follows:
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
- Idaho National Laboratory (INL)
- National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
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