Before proceeding to write a research papers it is necessary to outline the plan and stages of carrying out the basic measures for further work on the topic, that is to make a program of scientific work on the article.
Allocate the following main stages of work on a scientific article:
- substantiation of the topic, the choice of the object and the definition of the purpose of the study;
- selection and analysis of scientific literature on the chosen topic, including using the Internet;
- development of the hypothesis of scientific work;
- compilation of the plan and structure of the scientific article, development of the program and research methods;
- research and generalization of its results, conclusions;
- registration of a scientific article;
- publication of scientific work.
After that, the name of the scientific work is determined, which can then be corrected.
When writing a scientific article, first of all, you need to have a clear idea of the level of development the topic under study in science. Therefore, first you need to get acquainted with the main literature on the chosen topic (monographs, articles, Internet information). Increases the reliability of the results of the combined use of various sources of information, but it is very important that these sources accurately meet the objectives and correlate with the topic of scientific work.
At the stage of the wording of the plan it is desirable to make a preliminary plan of work. Sometimes you need to make a plan.
Then select and process the collected information on the topic of scientific research. The material can be prepared in any order, in separate parts, without careful stylistic workmanship. The main thing - to prepare materials in full for the next steps in the work on the manuscript of the article.
At the next stage, the collected and processed information is grouped - choose the variant of its sequential placement according to the plan of work. This process is greatly facilitated by a personal computer. Text-dialed text can be structured accordingly. With the use of a personal computer there is a possibility:
- look at every part of the scientific work and the whole article in general;
- follow the development of the main provisions;
- achieve the correct sequence of presentation;
- determine which parts of a scientific article need to be supplemented or abbreviated.
At the same time, all materials are gradually placed in the proper order, according to the plan. If there is no computer, it is recommended that each section of a scientific article write on separate sheets or cards on one side so that they can then be cut and placed in a certain sequence.
In parallel with the grouping of material, the rubric of the text is determined in accordance with the requirements for the structure of the scientific article. The result of this stage is the logical combination of parts of the manuscript, the creation of its rough layout, which needs further processing.
The work of the manuscript is to clarify its content, design and literary correctness. Grinding text of the manuscript begins with an assessment of its content and structure. Verify and critically evaluate each conclusion, each formula, table, drawing, every sentence, a separate word. It should be checked how much the title of the scientific article corresponds to its content, how logically and consistently the material is presented. It is advisable to once again check the argumentation of the basic provisions, scientific novelty, the theoretical and practical significance of work, its conclusions and recommendations. It should be borne in mind that both excessive laconicism and excessive detail in the presentation of the material are equally inappropriate. Assist in the perception of the table of contents, diagrams, charts.
The next stage of work on a scientific article - checking the correctness of its design. This includes rubrics, references to literary sources, citation, writing of numbers, signs, physical and mathematical quantities, formulas, tables, preparation of illustrative material, creation of a bibliographic description. Specific requirements apply to the rules for the execution of scientific articles, therefore, the requirements of publishing houses and editors should be guided first of all.
The final stage of the preparation of a scientific article is literary editing. Its complexity depends on the language-style culture of the author. Simultaneously with literary editing, he decides how to place the text and what to do in it selection.
Note that the text written by hand is difficult to edit. In typewritten or computer text it is easier to find omissions and omissions.