Pyroprocessing is a process in which any material is subjected to high temperature, typically over 800 degree Celsius in order to bring about a change in its chemical or physical property. Different steps involved in pyroprocessing technology are oxide reduction, distillation, electro refiner, injection casting, and re-oxidation. Various types of solvents used in pyroprocessing are molten salts and molten metals. Molten salts include lithium chloride (LiCl) and potassium chloride or lithium fluoride or calcium fluoride. Several types of molten metal used for pyroprocessing are magnesium, bismuth and cadmium. With the change in physical or chemical properties of minerals, ores or other materials pyroprocessing increases the economic value of these materials.
Pyroprocessing are used for high-burnup fuel process and requires less cooling times after the process completion. Moreover, it does not use solvents which contain carbon and hydrogen. This method is more compact and simple than aqueous methods and offers the features of reprocessing the fuel on the reactor (molten salt reactor and integral fast reactor) site. This advantage reduces the security issues and avoids the transportation of fuel from one site to another. Pyroprocessing separates many actinides and produces high radioactive fuel.
Global Pyroprocessing Equipment Market: Segmentation
There are various processes used in pyroprocessing such as electrolysis, voloxidation, volatilization in isolation, fluoride volatility and chloride volatility & solubility. Electrolysis is classified into two categories including PYRO-A and PYRO-B. PYRO-A is used to separate various actinides from non-actinides. Pyro-B is a process used for processing and recycling of fuels. Voloxidation breaks up the molecules in the fuel to enhance penetration of reagents. Volatilization in isolation involves heating of fuel in an inert atmosphere within a temperature range of 700 degree Celsius to 1000 degree Celsius. Fluoride volatility involves reaction of fuel with fluorine.
Different types of equipments used in pyroprocessing include rotary kilns, dryers, electric arc furnaces, reverberatory furnaces and coolers. Several systems involved in pyroprocessing include indirect kiln systems, iron ore pelletizing systems, lime calcining system, lime hydration systems, petroleum coke calciners, waste processing systems, specialty calcining systems. Pyroprocessing has widespread applications across various industry verticals such as food, agriculture, chemicals, construction, mineral & ore industry. In construction industry, cement manufacturing is the most common example of pyroprocessing. With increase in construction activities across various regions, the pyroprocessing equipment market is expected to witness tremendous growth over the forecast period.
Global Pyroprocessing Equipment Market: Drivers and Restraints
Increasing urbanization in emerging nations such as Brazil, India and China has witness increase in constructional activity which in turn is fueling the demand for pyroprocessing equipments. However, continuous rise in fuel price is affecting the growth of pyroprocessing equipment market.
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Global Pyroprocessing Equipment Market: Key Players Mentioned in the Report
Some of the major players in pyroprocessing equipment market include Metso Oyj, Sandvik AB, Outotec Oyj, FLSmidth & Co. A/S, Andritz AG, Valmet Corporation, Comso Inc. The Voith GmbH, HEKO Ketten GmbH, Ferrostaal AG, C&C Oil Co., IKN USA Inc., NAK Kiln Services, Zhenjiang Huangxu Anchor Chain Co., Ltd, Terex Corporation, Atlas Copco, A Tec Greco, A-C Equipment Services Corporation and The Flowserve Corporation among others.