Subjects: Behavioral sciences
Do doctors and nurses in psychiatry find it difficult understand each other?
A great deal of research targets the problems of the working environment in psychiatry, problems that may cause burnout and mental disorders as well as cause people to leave the profession. However, Rudberg claims that the issue whether doctors and nurses speak different languages and what this means for the working environment has hardly been studied at all.
Women who have left abusive men describe mistrust and lack of protection as worse than the violence
“Women must run, hide, give up their identity, when society fails to restrict men’s post-separation violence. This means that society is involved in making women lonely, both socially and existentially” says Sara Skoog Waller, PhD in psychology at University of Gävle.
University of Gävle participates in major EU initiative to reduce food waste
Today, food waste in Europe alone amounts to 88 million tonnes annually at a cost of €143 billion. Globally, it accounts for 8-10% of all greenhouse gas emissions. To combat climate change, the UN has therefore set a target to halve food waste by 2030. The researchers in Gävle will specifically investigate how leadership can facilitate change, examine strategies for change and drivers of change,
"First-line managers determine the success of the transition to an activity-based office"
“Activity-based offices make for a completely different way of working and require leaders who can involve and prepare employees for the transition; otherwise, these new offices are often a negative experience,” says Eva Bergsten, researcher in occupational health at University of Gävle. “It is vital to start with putting in a lot of work to get the first-line managers on board,”
Young people could learn to avoid being victims of crime
“The risk is 20-30 percent lower. So, if we can teach young people how to plan and make responsible, careful decisions, we can also reduce the risk of them becoming victims of violence,” Amber L. Beckley says.
Amir Rostami: “Violence breeds violence, and violence seems to be getting more brutal”
“Unfortunately, our study suggests a brutalisation of violence. Intending to kill, people aim for the head when shooting and stabbing and they are indifferent to the consequences. And victims who accidentally survive are very injured when they get to hospital,” says Amir Rostami, docent in criminology at University of Gävle.
“We need to enable more internationally educated nurses to exercise their profession here in Sweden”
A new study shows that the complementary programme for nurses from countries outside the EU provides security and readiness to work in Sweden. In the last three years, however, relatively few of the applicants, 300 out of 1800, have achieved a Swedish licence. “Our aim is to find out what we need to do to enable more nurses who have immigrated to work as nurses in Sweden," says Denice Högstedt, r
Amir Rostami – New research leader at University of Gävle
“If we can reduce risk factors for ill health, such as unlawful influence and exposure to violence and psychological stress, we can strengthen our preventive and remedial efforts for good working environments and good health,” Amir Rostami says.
Unique chance to change into pro-environmental behaviour in new urban environments
“Appealing to logic and values to break cemented habits is not enough. Now, when we're building so many new urban environments, there is a unique opportunity to make the environment promote pro-environmental behaviours," says Noah Linder, researcher in environmental psychology at University of Gävle.
Much of our unsustainable behaviour is strongly habit driven, for example our eating habits
Homeworkers move around more and are more relaxed
“To me, the fact that homeworkers were more relaxed was surprising,” says Linda Widar, researcher in remote working and health at University of Gävle. “When working remotely, we both move around more and are more relaxed, and these are conditions which simply promote good health,” Linda Widar says.
Homeless women deprived of their dignity in contact with healthcare services
“There is no need to make an issue about whether the person is dirty or just comes to eat something. If you always try to see the individual, you grow yourself and can lead a better life. Becoming a cynic in the coffee room is a gigantic personal failure.”
Seven out of ten pilots would have failed to make the Hudson emergency landing
When an Airbus caught fire soon after taking off, Captain Chesley Sullenberger saved all passengers by making the split-second decision to land on Hudson River in New York.
“It is not about luck; some pilots have the ability to think fast during extreme stress and our tests tell us who they are,” says Eduardo Rosa, researcher in cognitive neuroscience at University of Gävle
Pilots are traine
Learning how to make sound environmental choices not enough
“Time and time again, we see that the fact that people have environmentally friendly opinions is not enough to generate the change in behaviour we need to bring about,” Noah Linder says. “In general, we humans try hard to figure out what kind of behavior is the desired one. If it is a little easier to throw away food waste than household waste, it becomes very clear what you should do.”
Gävle successful in attracting male social work students
There is a shortage of male social workers. For this reason, study programmes in social work have a great responsibility, and at University of Gävle, they have succeeded. “I am extremely proud, and I am convinced that we provide skilled social workers, who are capable of taking action, to a society that needs them,” Maria Sjölund says.
Professor: We have discovered the secret behind the spread of COVID-19 in the United States
“Our discovery enables us to detect patterns that conventional methods fail to detect, for example the effect of different measures to limit the spread of the infection,” says Bin Jiang, professor of built environment at University of Gävle. “The great harm of COVID -19 lies in its enormous spread and we have to look at the underlying population or the geographical distribution of people,”
Researchers on pandemic restrictions: increase compliance instead of investing in numerous restrictions
Responses from 9 500 inhabitants in 11 countries in a study financed by the EU have given the researchers an insight into how governments should act to stop the spread of the virus. “Implementing a combination of many restrictions has the opposite effect. Increase compliance with existing restrictions instead,” says Sofia Wikman, researcher at University of Gävle.
Unique research: Home workers sleep longer but remain as productive as before
a unique study in collaboration with Gävle Municipality, the researchers have compared individuals when they work from home to when they work at their offices. Participants wore an accelerometer, a motion sensor, for seven days and kept a diary to note sleep and working hours. The results surprised the researchers. “We have a very unique material here, says David Hallman at University of Gävle
“I can still see and feel the fire: it has changed my life”
“Disaster management must take into account that those who had to run for their lives have much stronger experiences which will affect their inner lives for a very long time,” says Igor Knez, Professor of Psychology at University of Gävle. The surprising results show that there is a significant difference between the experiences of those who had to run for their lives and those who did´nt.
Studying to music significantly impairs creativity
The common belief that music enhances creativity is disproved by researchers University of Gävle and two universities in England; in fact, music has the opposite effect. “Regardless if the music made the participants feel good, if they liked the music or if they regularly listened to music while studying, music impaired their creative performance.”
Extensive collaboration between Sweden’s organized crime networks
Research shows that 15000 individuals are active within what is defined as organized crime and within violent extremist groups in Sweden. “This shouldn’t surprise anyone, as there are so many results that should alarm us and cause concern,” says Amir Rostami, reader in criminology at University of Gävle.