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Setareh and the secret of confluent jets

Press Release   •   Aug 31, 2015 20:24 GMT

Setareh  Janbakhsh shows in her research at Gävle University how, with the help  of confluent jets one can create ventilation that makes people feel  better.

How do we feel in our ventilated rooms?

Setareh  has investigated how air and temperature within a room is affected by  different types of ventilation systems. The experiments have been  performed partly in the unique wind tunnel at Gävle University.

In  conventional systems the jets of air are dispersed from the ceiling and  the floor – a mixed solution. This means that the jets of air create  different layers so that it feels, for example, like a draught.

“Draught is an undesirable effect. I have also examined how effectively the air is replaced, how fresh it is,” says Setareh.

“The aim was to understand how people feel and react to different types of ventilation.”

She has utilized both numerical and experimental methods to investigate both the air status and draughts.

Confluent jets

The best results were found in a ventilation solution using confluent jets.

This  coordination was obtained when holes were placed at a certain distance  from each other and high pressured air was allowed pass through them.  The jets of air are initially separate from each other, then they  converge and finally flow together to make one single stronger and more  powerful jet current.

“We found that concurrent  jets are more effective than other systems of ventilation both as  regards thermal comfort and replacement of air.”

The problem of large areas

Until  now it has been a problem if one has a big room, a large area. The air  in the room has a low velocity and after a short period of time the air  in the room moves slowly or becomes inert and doesn’t contribute to the  ventilation.

But if one can get the separate jets  of air to converge to one then the velocity is retained and it lasts  much longer. Measurements taken in large industrial premises showed that  this works and matches the standards for indoor climate and comfort.

“We  have modified an existing system and can with certainty say that it is  better. What is needed now is full-scale testing,” says Setareh  Janbakhsh.

Both heating and cooling

Today one often has two systems, one for heating and another for cooling which often counteract each other.

These new ventilation systems, however, function for both heating and cooling air.

  • Can be used for both heating and cooling
  • Energy-saving
  • Air is replaced at a faster rate.

Setareh Janbakhsh

Setareh  is an energy engineer and comes from Teheran in Iran. She came to Gävle  University to study for her Master’s degree, became engaged on a  special project and got the opportunity to do her PhD.

Setareh Janbakhsh defended her thesis "A Ventilation Strategy Based on Confluent

Jets: An Experimental and Numerical Study" at Linköpings University on the 29th of May.



For further information please contact:
Setareh Janbakhsh, Doctor of Philosophy in Science.
Tel: 076-712 23 00

Text: Douglas Öhrbom
Photo: Ove Wall

Education and Research at a Scenic Campus.
The University of Gävle has approximately 14 500 students, more than 50 study programmes and second-cycle programmes, about 1 000 courses in humanities, social and natural sciences and technology.

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Built Environment and Health-promoting Working Life are the general research profiles of the higher education institution. Important parts included are Spatial Planning with a specialisation in Sustainable Built Environment and Musculoskeletal Disorders with the purpose to prevent work-related injuries. In 2010, the higher education institution received permission to carry out third-cycle programmes in the profile area of Built Environment.
The higher education institution has applied for permission to carry out third-cycle programmes in technology, humanities and social sciences.