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BMW 3 Series in Euro NCAP's side crash test
BMW 3 Series in Euro NCAP's side crash test

Press release -

More five-star cars from BMW, but Jeep Cherokee and Peugeot 208 are 2019’s first four-star Euro NCAP rated cars

  • Jeep and Peugeot solid in testing, but break run of 25 five-star safety awards for new launches in 2019
  • Disappointing ‘Poor’ rear seat whiplash performance for the Peugeot 208
  • Jeep Cherokee shows improvement over 2018’s one-star Wrangler
  • BMW 1 Series achieves five-stars, BMW 3 Series scores even more highly, but both fall short of class leader status

Two five-star BMWs and two four-star rated cars from Peugeot and Jeep paint a mixed picture in this month’s Euro NCAP safety ratings.

The 97% Adult Occupant Protection score awarded to the BMW 3 Series is one of the highest seen in 2019. However, Matthew Avery, director of research, Thatcham Research suggested that “whilst good, it’s 76% score for safety technologies is down on the 94% benchmark set by the Tesla Model 3 earlier this year.”

Avery added, “The BMW 1 Series also scored a top Euro NCAP rating, but again did not quite meet the standard set by the Mercedes A-Class in 2018. This goes to show how Euro NCAP ratings are driving an incredibly competitive safety market.”

First to fall

Following an unprecedented sequence of top awards for all cars rated so far in 2019, the Jeep Cherokee and Peugeot 208 are the first to fall below the five-star bar set by Euro NCAP’s rigorous testing regime.

Matthew Avery comments, “The Peugeot 208’s four-star rating is respectable, but the car is not a good choice if you’re carrying adults in the back, with its ‘Poor’ whiplash protection for rear passengers. Protecting both front and rear occupants is especially important as families continue to downsize from larger vehicles.”

“The Jeep Cherokee is an improvement on last year’s one-star Wrangler. However, there’s still a long way to go before Jeep can get back to producing five-star cars like the 2017 Compass. The Cherokee’s Adult Occupant Protection (80%) and Child Occupant (78%) scores are the lowest awarded in 2019, while the front and rear seats again offered marginal whiplash protection. It’s low-speed Autonomous Emergency Braking system didn’t meet the mark either.”

Whiplash warning

Thatcham Research’s pioneering whiplash testing saw it invited to become a Euro NCAP member in 2007. The testing was introduced into the Euro NCAP programme “at a time when neck injury insurance claims for whiplash were causing widespread industry alarm,” Avery says.

In 2000 only 16% of seats were rated Good, in 2007 that figure had almost doubled to 29%. Today the figure is closer to 100%.

“Whiplash is now a key part of carmaker safety strategy, and seats today are specifically designed to protect occupants’ necks. Although the whiplash results seen in this round of testing don’t represent a significant backward step, the safety of rear seat occupants should remain a priority.”

Adjusting head restraints correctly

“There are some simple, but not widely known, pieces of advice for drivers and occupants which will reduce their chances of whiplash injury,” says Avery.

  • A head restraint must be as close to the back of the head as possible (touching is best)
  • The top of the restraint should be as high as the top of the head
  • Remember it’s a head restraint, not a headrest
  • Don’t forget the rear seat head restraints – as many stow to a very low position and offer no protection unless adjusted

Euro NCAP test scores

Vehicle Adult Occupant Protection (%) Child Occupant Protection (%) Vulnerable Road Users (%) Safety Assist (%)
BMW 1 Series 83 87 76 72
BMW 3 Series 97 87 87 76
Jeep Cherokee 80 78 56 69
Peugeot 208 91 86 56 71


Thatcham Research is the independent voice of automotive safety, security & repair, advising motorists, insurers and vehicle manufacturers to help reduce accident frequency, severity and costs and to realise the vision of ‘Safer cars, fewer crashes’, while driving standards in vehicle security.

As well as its world leading crash and track research, Thatcham Research develops repair methods amongst a number of other products and services within the collision repair industry for insurers, motor manufacturers, equipment manufacturers and suppliers.

In addition, Thatcham Research has administered the Association of British Insurer’s (ABI) Group Rating system for the past 50 years. Group Rating is an advisory system intended to provide insurers with the relative risk of private cars and light commercial vehicles.

A founder member of the international Research Council for Automobile Repairs (RCAR), Thatcham Research has also been a member of the European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) since 2007.


Tom Flisher

Tom Flisher

Press contact PR Manager 07876 755 615

Thatcham Research

Safer cars, fewer crashes...

As the UK's only insurer funded automotive research centre, Thatcham Research enjoy a wide remit at the forefront of the latest vehicle technology. Thatcham's leading work in vehicle safety and security has a vital role in shaping the designs of new vehicles, whilst the centre is also seen as a key industry player at the forefront of driving standards in vehicle body repair.

Thatcham's Crash Laboratory is the only official UK crash testing centre for consumer safety body Euro NCAP and are viewed as a centre of excellence when it comes to active vehicle safety, particularly the evaluation of new Advanced Driver Assist Systems (ADAS) which provide the foundation for future vehicle autonomy.

Enjoying an increasingly global influence in both the insurance and automotive sectors, Thatcham Research expertise is in great demand with a range of opinion leaders being regularly asked to provide their experience and know-how at high profile events and in the media, living up to their reputation as ‘Experts in Safety, Security and Crash Repair’.

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